Cover Image

Thermoeconomic analyses of an actual power plant

Alperen Tozlu, Yekta Tolga Büyükmurat, Emrah Özahi

Abstract


A municipal solid waste power plant located in Malatya, Turkey has been analyzed thermodynamically and thermoeconomically in this study. The sanitary landfill plant was constructed with an installed power capacity of 2.4 MW for both disposals of municipal solid waste and energy production from produced landfill gas (LFG) of 9425 m3, corresponding to the 2.86 % of total power demand of the city. As a result of the thermodynamic analyses throughout the power plant, the exergetic efficiencies of the compressor and the turbine of the turbocharger are found to be 83.02 % and 65.41 %, respectively; which means that there is a considerable amount of exergetic losses in the turbocharger. Moreover, the overall exergetic efficiency of the power plant is found to be 50.97 %. On the other hand, the thermal efficiency of the gas engine is obtained as 37.30 %. In terms of thermoeconomic analyses, the payback period of the plant is found to be 7.70 years which is an acceptable period for such a power plant.


Full Text:

PDF Remote

References


A. Tozlu, E. Özahi, and A. Abuşoğlu. Waste to energy technologies for municipal solid waste management in Gaziantep, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 54, 809, (2016).

E. Metin, A. Eröztürk, C. Neyim, Solid Waste Management Practices and Review of Recovery and Recycling Operations in Turkey, Waste Management, 23, 425-432, (2003).

J. N., Fobil, D. Carboo, N. A Armah, Evaluation of municipal solid wastes (MSW) for utilisation in energy production in developing countries, Int. J. Environmental Technology and Management, 5, 1-12, (2005).

R. Bove, P. Lunghi, Electric power generation from landfill gas using traditional and innovative technologies, Energy Conversion and Management, 47, 1391–1401, (2006).

A. Magrinho, F. Didelet, V. Semiao, Municipal solid waste disposal in Portugal, Waste Management, 26, 1477–1489, (2006).

L. Manaf, M. A. Samah, N. Zukki, Municipal Solid Waste Management in Malaysia: Practices and Challenges, Waste Management, 29, 2902–2906, (2009).

O. N. Ağdağ, Comparison of Old and New Municipal Solid Waste Management Systems in Denizli, Turkey, Waste Management, 29, 456-464, (2009).

N. G. Turan, S. Çoruh, A. Akdemir, O. N. Ergun, Municipal Solid Waste Management Strategies in Turkey, Waste Management, 29, 465-469, (2009).

H. Cheng, Y. Hu, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as a Renewable Source of Energy: Current and Future Practices in China, Bioresource Technology, 101, 3816–3824, (2010).

M. D, Bovea., V. Ibáñez-Forés, A. Gallardo, F.J. Colomer-Mendoza, Environmental Assessment of Alternative Municipal Solid Waste Management Strategies, A Spanish Case Study, Waste Management, 30, 2383–2395, (2010).

G. Kanat, Municipal Solid-Waste Management in Istanbul, Waste Management, 30, 1737–1745, (2011).

F.A.M. Lino, K.A.R Ismail, Energy and environmental potential of solid waste in Brazil, Energy Policy, 39, 3496–3502, (2011).

K. A. Kalyani, K. K. Pandey, Waste to energy status in India: A short review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 31, 113–120, (2014).

S. Kumar, Technology Options for Municipal Solid Waste-to-Energy Project, TERI Information Monitor on Environmental Science, 5, 1-11, (2000).

R. M. Barros, G. L. T. Filho, T. R. da Silva, The Electric Energy Potential of Landfill Biogas in Brazil, Energy Policy, 65, 150–164, (2014).

O’Leary and Walsh, Introduction to Solid Waste Lecture Notes, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Y. Wang, Y. Yan, G. Chen, J. Zuo, B. Yan, P. Yin, Effectiveness of waste-to-energy approaches in China: from the perspective of greenhouse gas emission reduction, Journal of Cleaner Production, 163, 99-105, (2017).

S. T. Tan, W.S. Ho, H. Hashim, C.T. Lee, M. R. Taib, C. S. Ho, Energy, economic and environmental (3E) analysis of waste-to-energy (WTE) strategies for municipal solid waste (MSW) management in Malaysia, Energy Conversion and Management, 102, 111-120, (2015).

O. Sevimoglu, B. Tansel, Effect of persistent trace compounds in landfill gas on engine performance during energy recovery: A case study, Waste Management, 33, 74-80, (2013).

G. De Gioannis, A. Muntoni, G. Cappai, S. Milia, Landfill Gas Generation After Mechanical Biological Treatment of Municipal Solid Waste. Estimation of Gas Generation Rate Constants, Waste Management, 29, 1026–1034, (2009).

X. Zhang, G. Huang, Municipal solid waste management planning considering greenhouse gas emission trading under fuzzy environment, Journal of Environmental Management, 135, 11-18, (2014).

M. R. Holanda, J. A. P. Balestieri, Cogeneration in a solid-wastes power-station: a case-study, Applied Energy, 63, 125-139, (1999).

A. Verbruggen, The merit of cogeneration: Measuring and rewarding performance, Energy Policy, 36, 3069-3076, (2008).

O. Sevimoglu, B. Tansel, Composition and source identification of deposits forming in landfill gas (LFG) engines and effect of activated carbon treatment on deposit composition, Journal of Environmental Management, 128, 300-305, (2013).

N. T. Raj, S. Iniyanb, R. Goicc, A review of renewable energy-based cogeneration technologies, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 3640-3648, (2011).

C. G. Carolino, J.P.M. Ferreira, First and second law analyses to an energetic valorization process of biogas, Renewable Energy, 59, 58-64, (2013).

G. Barigozzi, A. Perdichizzi, S. Ravelli, Performance prediction and optimization of a waste-to-energy cogeneration plant with combined wet and dry cooling system, Applied Energy, 115, 65-74, (2014).

M. Bianchi, L. Branchini, A. De Pascale, Combining waste-to-energy steam cycle with gas turbine units, Applied Energy, 130, 764-773, (2014).

H. Y. Kwak, D.J. Kim, J. S. Jeon, Exergetic and thermoeconomic analyses of power plants, Energy, 28, 343-360, (2003).

M. Banar, Z. Cokaygil, A. Ozkan, Life cycle assessment of solid waste management options for Eskisehir, Turkey, Waste Management, 29, 54-62, (2009).

A. Tozlu, Y.T. Büyükmurat, E. Özahi, Thermodynamic Analyses of an Actual Power Plant, 3rd Int. Con. on Ad. Eng. Tech. (ICADET), 1369-1373, (2019).

A. Abusoglu, M. Kanoglu, Exergetic and thermoeconomic analyses of diesel engine powered cogeneration: Part 2 – Application, Applied Thermal Engineering, 29, 242-249, (2009).

A. Tozlu, A. Abuşoğlu, E. Özahi, Thermoeconomic Analysis and Assessment of Gaziantep Municipal Solid Waste Power Plant, Acta Physica Polonica A, 132(3), 513-517, (2017).

A. Gungor, Z. Erbay, A. Hepbasli, Exergoeconomic analyses of a gas engine driven heat pump drier and food drying process, Applied Energy, 88, 2677-2684, (2011).

A. Abusoglu, S. Demir, M. Kanoglu, Thermoeconomic assessment of a sustainable municipal wastewater treatment system, Renewable Energy, 48, 424-435, (2012).

E. Özahi, A. Tozlu, A. Abusoglu, Thermodynamic Performance Assessment of Different Fluids in a Typical Organic Rankine Cycle for Usage in Municipal Solid Waste Power Plant, Acta Physica Polonica A, 132(3/II), 807-811, (2017).

A. Abusoglu, S. Demir, M. Kanoglu, Biyogaz beslemeli gaz motorlu bir kojenerasyon sisteminin termoekonomik analizi, Isı Bilimi ve Tekniği Dergisi, 33(2), 9-21, (2013).

Y. Fernandez-Nava, J. del Río, J. Rodríguez-Iglesias, L. Castrillon, E. Maranon, Life cycle assessment of different municipal solid waste management options: a case study of Asturias (Spain), Journal of Cleaner Production, 81, 178-189, (2014).

Z. Erbay, A. Hepbasli, Advanced exergoeconomic evaluation of a heat pump food dryer, Biosystems Engineering, 124, 29-39, (2014).

O. Turan, H. Aydin, Exergetic and exergo-economic analyses of an aero-derivative gas turbine engine, Energy, 74, 638-650, (2014).




URN: https://sloi.org/urn:sl:tjoee51143



Copyright (c) 2020 Turkish Journal of Electromechanics and Energy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Indexed in: